Question to the EU Commission: Clan criminality is a threat to democracy!

Question for written answer E-001103/2021
to the Commission
Rule 138
Lars Patrick Berg (ID)
Subject: Clan criminality

Clan criminality is a growing phenomenon and poses a clear threat to the rule of law. Turkish-Arab clan criminality is becoming more and more prevalent in Germany.

1. What danger is posed by clan structures in the Member States?

2. Does the Commission consider the problem of clan criminality to be a threat to democracy?

3. What action is the Commission taking to fight clan criminality?

Answer given by Ylva Johansson
on behalf of the European Commission

The Commission and the EU Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation ( Europol) are constantly assessing the dangers posed by all forms of organised crime to the EU and its Member States, and this includes family-based organised crime. On 12 April 2021, Europol adopted the EU Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment 2021[1]. It provides a detailed analysis of the threats posed by organised crime and its impact on society.

A majority of organised crime groups resort to corruption to conduct their criminal activities. Their actions undermine the integrity of the legal economy and citizens’ trust in public institutions. The fight against corruption is a priority for the Commission and it is covered as one of the four pillars under the Rule of Law report. The first Rule of Law report[2], which is at the centre of the Rule of Law Mechanism, was adopted in September 2020. The second report is scheduled for adoption in July 2021. The Mechanism acts as a preventive tool, deepening dialogue and joint awareness on rule of law issues.

On 14 April 2021, the Commission put forward a new EU Strategy to tackle organised crime[3]. It aims to boost law enforcement and judicial cooperation, tackle organised crime structures and high priority crimes, remove criminal profits and ensure a modern response to technological developments. The Commission is actively involved and supports EMPACT[4], the EU’s platform to address threats of organised and serious international crime. Family-based organised crime was a priority during the German Presidency of the Council of the EU. Several Commission-funded projects are tackling this phenomenon from different angles[5].


[2] COM(2020) 580 final.

[3] COM(2021) 170 final.

[4] European Multidisciplinary Platform Against Criminal Threats.

[5]Examples include the European Crime Prevention Network and the @ON Operational Network against mafia-style organised crime groups. Both are funded through the Internal Security Fund — Police.